How To Refinish A Swimming Pool

Materials Needed

When it comes to pool refinishing, having the right materials is crucial for a successful project. Here are the essential materials you will need:

Safety equipment

  • Goggles
  • Gloves
  • Protective clothing

Cleaning supplies

  • Trisodium phosphate (TSP)
  • Muriatic acid
  • Scrub brushes

Pool refinishing products

  • Primer
  • Choose one suitable for your pool surface material.
  • AquaGuard Pool Coating Products offer a wide range of options.

Tools and equipment

Make sure you have these tools on hand:
– Submersible pump or sump pump to drain the pool
– Power washer or pressure washer
– Sanding or grinding tool (depending on surface material)

Preparing the Pool

Before diving into the pool refinishing process, it’s important to properly prepare your swimming pool. Follow these steps:

  1. Draining the pool: Use a submersible pump or sump pump to completely drain out all water from your swimming pool.

  2. Removing debris and cleaning the pool: Get rid of any leaves, dirt, and other debris using a net or skimmer pole. Once that’s done, clean your entire pool with TSP solution mixed with water.

  3. Inspecting for any damages or repairs needed: Thoroughly inspect every inch of your empty swimming pools’ surfaces including walls and floors for any signs of cracks, loose plaster, rust stains, or other damage that needs repairing.

  4. Repairing cracks or leaks: If you notice any cracks in concrete pools’ shells use appropriate repair methods like epoxy injections after prepping area correctly using proper bond coat such as Bond Kote.

Surface Preparation

To ensure proper adhesion of new finishes to your existing surface material follow this preparation guide:

1.Remove old paint coatings if present by hydro blasting off coats gently revealing fresh plaster. For plain or traditional plaster surfaces, scrape away any loose material and use a bonding agent like Bond Kote before moving forward with the refinishing process.

  1. Sand or grind the surface: Depending on your pool’s surface material, you may need to sand or grind it to create a smooth texture that allows for better adhesion of new finishes.

  2. Patching and smoothing the surface: Use appropriate patching materials to fill in any holes, cracks, or imperfections on the pool’s surface. Smooth out patched areas for evenness.

  3. Cleaning the surface thoroughly: Before applying primer, make sure to clean the entire pool surface using TSP solution mixed with water.

Applying Primer

The application of primer is an essential step in ensuring proper adhesion of your chosen pool finish. Follow these steps:

1.Choosing the right primer:
– The choice of primer depends on your specific pool type and finish.
– Consult AquaGuard Pool Coating Products experts for guidance.

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2.Applying primer evenly:
– Use a paint roller or spray gun depending upon size of pools
– Make sure to apply an even coat over entire surface area

3.Allowing primer to dry completely:
– Refer product instructions regarding drying time estimates
– Do not rush this step as it sets foundation

Applying Pool Finish

Once you have completed priming your swimming pool surfaces here is what you need know about applying final coats:

Selecting appropriate Pool Finish

There are various options available including colored quartz aggregate finishes such as Pebble Tec which offers beauty along with durability,
smooth texture resin-based finishes like Blue Surfacing System offer easy maintenance while Polished Surfaces can give glossy appearance suitable
for certain designs.

Mixing Instructions

Always refer manufacturer’s instruction related ratio between Part A (Base) & Part B (Activator)

Application Process

1.Applying first coat of Pool Finish
– Apply the first coat using a paint roller or spray gun depending on the size of your pool.
– Make sure to cover the entire surface area evenly.

2.Applying additional coats if necessary
– Depending upon type of finish, refer manufacturer’s instruction related to number of coats required for desired appearance and durability

3.Allowing Pool Finish to cure:
– After final application, follow curing period recommended by manufacturer.

Finishing Touches

Now that you have completed applying pool finishes, it’s time for some finishing touches:

  1. Cleaning up the work area: Remove any debris or equipment used during the refinishing process. Dispose of any leftover materials properly.

  2. Refilling the pool with water: Slowly fill your swimming pool with water until it reaches an appropriate level.

3.Balancing the pool water chemistry: Test your newly refilled pool water and adjust chemical levels accordingly to ensure proper balance and cleanliness.

4.Regular maintenance and care tips:
– Regular monitoring & adjustment is key in maintaining good health for pools.
– Consider hiring a professional service provider like Advanced Pool & Spa for regular maintenance needs

Troubleshooting and Tips

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Sometimes, even with careful planning and execution, issues may arise during a pool refinishing project. Here are some common troubleshooting tips:

Common Issues

  • Loss of pebbles or aggregate material from surfaces like Pebble Tec can occur if not applied correctly.
  • Rust stains can appear due to improper surface preparation or low-quality materials used

### Tips for successful Pool Resurfacing project

1.Proper surface preparation is essential before applying new finishes

2.Use high-quality products suitable for your specific type of swimming pools

3.Follow instructions carefully provided by manufacturers regarding mixing ratios,drying times,application methods etc


Pool refinishing is an important aspect of maintaining a beautiful backyard oasis. With proper preparation, selection of quality materials,
and attention to detail, you can transform your pool into a stunning centerpiece of your outdoor living space. Remember to follow the necessary steps and take care of regular maintenance for long-lasting results.


Q: How much does pool refinishing cost?

A: The cost of pool refinishing varies depending on factors such as the size of the pool, type of finish chosen, and any additional repairs needed. It’s best to consult with professionals or get multiple quotes from reputable companies for accurate estimates.

Q: How long does it take to refinish a swimming pool?

A: The time it takes to refinish a swimming pool depends on various factors such as the size and condition of the pool, weather conditions, and drying times between coats. It is recommended to consult with professionals or refer manufacturer’s instructions regarding specific time estimates for each step in order complete process smoothly.

Q: Can I DIY my own pool refinishing project?

A: While some homeowners may have experience and skills necessary for a successful DIY project,it is advisable that most people hire professional help due complexity involved involving surface preparation,application techniques & proper selection material based upon substrates.


Glossary of Terms Related to Swimming Pool Refinishing:

  1. Tile: A flat or curved piece of material, often ceramic or glass, used to cover the surface of a swimming pool.

  2. Concrete pools: Pools made from a mixture of cement, sand, and water that is poured into a mold and left to harden.

  3. Cement: A binder substance used in the construction industry that is mixed with other materials to create concrete.

  4. Acid wash: A process where an acidic solution is applied to remove stains and discoloration from the pool surface.

  5. White plaster: A traditional finish for swimming pools made from white cement and marble sand.

  6. Vinyl liners: Thin sheets of vinyl that are custom-fit into the interior walls and floor of a pool as an alternative finish option.

  7. Rough textures: Uneven or coarse surfaces on the pool’s finish that can be caused by various factors such as aging or improper maintenance.

  8. Textures: The physical qualities or characteristics present on the surface of a pool finish, which can range from smooth to rough textures.

  9. Square foot: The unit used for measuring area; it represents one square foot (12 inches by 12 inches).

  10. Popular choice: Refers to something frequently chosen or preferred by many people based on its quality, effectiveness, etc., in this context referring specifically to popular choices in terms of pool finishes.

  11. Fiberglass pools : Pools constructed using fiberglass shells pre-formed off-site then delivered ready-made for installation

12 .Pool owners : Individuals who own swimming pools

13 .Ground Pool : A type fo swimming built partially submerged underground

14 .Pool chemicals : Substances added regularly maintaining healthy water chemistry

15 .Type Of Pool : Broadly refers whether it is vinyl liner ,fiberglass ,or concrete shell

16.Waterline tile – Tiles installed at about 3-6 inches below the waterline of the pool

17.Decorative features : Design elements added to enhance the aesthetics of a swimming pool

18.Features – Different components or characteristics present in a swimming pool such as waterfalls, slides, etc.

19.Resins: Synthetic materials used in some finishes that provide durability and resistance to chemicals and weathering.

20.Patio furniture: Outdoor furniture specifically designed for use on patios or around pools.

21.Pebble finish: A type of aggregate finish that incorporates small pebbles into the final coating for an attractive texture.

22.Resurfacing project: The process of renewing or updating the surface finish material on a swimming pool.

23.Pool renovations: Various improvements made to a swimming pool such as resurfacing, adding new features, or upgrading equipment.

24.Swimming Pool Resurfacing: The act of applying a new surface coat over an existing one to restore its appearance and functionality.

25.Pool Resurfacing Process- The steps involved in resurfacing a swimming pool including preparation, application ,and curing.

26.Larger Pools – Pools with significant dimensions typically requiring more time and materials during refinishing

27.Pool floor -The bottom part of the interior surface area inside a swimminfpool
28 .Pool heating- Heating systems installed for maintaining optimal water temperature

29 .Pool maintenance- Regular cleaning , checking levels & other activities performed by owners

30 .Pool professional – A trained individual with expertise in various aspects related to pools

31 .Pool remodel : Making changes or upgrades involving structural modifications .

  1. Pool resurfacing materials : Various substances used as finishing materials during resurfacing projects like plaster ,fiberglass,glass tiles etc

  2. Pool resurfacing professionals : Trained individuals who specialize in repairing,replacing surfaces according customer requirements.

  3. Pool surface finish material Material applied over existing layer providing a new look to the pool’s surface.

  4. Vinyl liner pools : Pools lined with vinyl material acting as water containment barrier

36 .Grout color : Color of the mixture applied between tiles ,enhancing their visual appeal

37 .Variety of colors – Wide range of color options available for selection

38 .Quartz finish: A type of aggregate plaster that incorporates quartz particles into the final coating.

  1. White quartz: Refers to a specific variety or color option in quartz finishes, often chosen for its bright and clean appearance.

  2. Substrate for tile: The underlying surface onto which tiles are attached or adhered.

  3. Water level: The height or position at which water is maintained in a swimming pool.

  4. Period of time- Duration required during refinishing process

43.Common signs : Typical indications suggesting repair,resurfacing need such as cracks, stains etc

44.Telltale signs -Visible indicators revealing certain problems like fading,pool leaks

45.White cement- Type of cement used in some plaster finishes to achieve a white appearance when mixed with other materials such as marble sand.

46.Water features : Elements incorporated into pools involving moving/flowing water like fountains,jets etc

47.Refinishing solution – Approach taken towards rejuvenating old surfaces using appropriate materials

48.Resurfacing solution- Specific method employed for resurfacing projects based on existing conditions

49.Dry vacuum -A device used during preparation stages removing debris,dust prior application stage

50.Paint roller-A tool used to apply coatings evenly over large areas

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Mike Hunter

Mike is the owner of the local pool shop. He's been in the business for over 20 years and knows everything there is to know about pools. He's always happy to help his customers with whatever they need, whether it's advice on pool maintenance or choosing the right chemicals. He's also a bit of a pool expert, and is always happy to share his knowledge with anyone who's interested.

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